A partial bibliography for scholars compiled on behalf of Professor Ruth O’Brien.

Citations in alphabetical order and cross-posted analytically by region, empire, and also intersected with religions, worldviews, ideologies, and political, social, and economic identities. 

Empires of the Greeks, Romans, Chinese, Dutch, French, British (settled colonies; British empire colonies). Each empire has a religion to export and cross-cuts nation states.

Religions: Christianity, Confucianism, Islam, Parsi, Taoism, Sikhism

Identities: Children, families, disability, gender, LGBT, intersex, sexuality, race, women.

Neos & Isms: Communitarianism, colonialism, post-colonialism, cosmopolitanism, existentialismfeminism, globalization, feudalism, informalism, liberalism, literature, multiculturalism, nationalism, anti-nationalism, self-determination, neoconservatism, neoliberalism, tribalism, neotribalism, participation, pluralism, postmodernism, pragmatism, realism, secularism, supremacist, totalitarianism, tolerance and intolerance.

 

Featured Citations:

On the Muslim Question 

The Fantasy of Feminist History

 

British Empire

Andersen, Casper. British Engineers and Africa, 1875-1914. London: Pickering & Chatto, 2011.

Bateman, Fiona, and Lionel Pilkington. Studies in Settler Colonialism: Politics, Identity and Culture. Houndmills, B: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011.

Bean, Hamilton, Lisa Keränen, and Margaret Durfy. 2011. “’This Is London’: Cosmopolitan Nationalism and the Discourse of Resilience in the Case of the 7/7 Terrorist Attacks”. Rhetoric & Public Affairs. 14, no. 3: 427-464.

Bickers, Robert A. Britain in China: Community, Culture and Colonialism 1900-1949. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1999.

Carey, Hilary M. God’s Empire: Religion and Colonialism in the British World, C.1801-1908. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011.

Darwin, John. The Empire Project: The Rise and Fall of the British World-System, 1830-1970. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2009.

Elbourne, Elizabeth. Blood Ground Colonialism, Missions, and the Contest for Christianity in the Cape Colony and Britain, 1799-1853. Montreal [Que.]: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2002.

Favell, Adrian. Philosophies of Integration: Immigration and the Idea of Citizenship in France and Britain. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 1998.

Fletcher, Ian Christopher, Laura E. Nym Mayhall, and Philippa Levine. Women’s Suffrage in the British Empire: Citizenship, Nation, and Race. London: Routledge, 2000.

Go, Julian. Patterns of Empire: The British and American Empires, 1688 to the Present. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2011.

Gorman, Daniel. 2002. “Wider and Wider Still?: Racial Politics, Intra-Imperial Immigration and the Absence of an Imperial Citizenship in the British Empire”. Journal of Colonialism and Colonial History. 3, no. 3.

Gott, Richard. Britain’s Empire: Resistance, Repression and Revolt. London: Verso Books, 2011.

Jacob, Wilson Chacko. Working Out Egypt: Effendi Masculinity and Subject Formation in Colonial Modernity, 1870-1940. Durham [NC]: Duke University Press, 2011.

Katznelson, Ira. Black Men, White Cities; Race, Politics, and Migration in the United States, 1900-30 and Britain, 1948-68. London: Published for the Institute of Race Relations by Oxford University Press, 1973.

Koditschek, Theodore. Liberalism, Imperialism and the Historical Imagination: Nineteenth Century Visions of Greater Britain. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011.

Kohn, Margaret, and Keally D. McBride. Political Theories of Decolonization: Postcolonialism and the Problem of Foundations. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011.

Luhrmann, T.M. and David L White. 1998. “The Good Parsi: The Fate of a Colonial Elite in a Postcolonial Society”. The Journal of Asian Studies 57, no. 2: 578.

Mallampalli, Chandra. Race, Religion, and Law in Colonial India: Trials of an Interracial Family. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011.

Mehta, Uday S. Liberalism and Empire: A Study in Nineteenth-century British Liberal Thought. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999.

Poovey, Mary. 2002. “The Liberal Civil Subject and the Social in Eighteenth-Century British Moral Philosophy”. Public Culture. 14, no. 1: 125-145.

Proudfoot, L. J., and M. M. Roche. (Dis)Placing Empire: Renegotiating British Colonial Geographies. Aldershot, England: Ashgate Pub, 2005.

White N.J. 2011. “Reconstructing Europe Through Rejuvenating Empire: The British, French, and Dutch Experiences Compared”. Past and Present. 210, no. SUPPL. 6: 211-236.

 

Children and Families

An-Na’im, Abdullahi A., ed. Islamic Family Law in a Changing World: A Global Resource Book. London: Zed Books, 2002.

Chiu, Elaine. “The Culture Differential in Parental Autonomy.” UC Davis Law Review 41 (2008): 101.

Fineman, Martha. The Neutered Mother, the Sexual Family, and Other Twentieth Century Tragedies. New York: Routledge, 1995.

Fineman, Martha, and Roxanne Mykitiuk. The Public Nature of Private Violence: The Discovery of Domestic Abuse. New York: Routledge, 1994.

Fineman, Martha, and Karen Worthington. What Is Right for Children? The Competing Paradigms of Religion and Human Rights. Farnham, Surrey, England: Ashgate, 2009.

Glendon, Mary Ann. The Transformation of Family Law: State, Law, and Family in the United States and Western Europe. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1989.

Held, Virginia. The Ethics of Care: Personal, Political, and Global. New York: Oxford University Press, USA, 2005.

———. Feminist Morality: Transforming Culture, Society, and Politics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993.

———. “The Meshing of Care and Justice.” Hypatia 10, no. 2 (1995): 128-132.

Minow, Martha. “Forming Underneath Everything that Grows: Toward a History of Family Law.” Wis. L. Rev.(1985): 819.

———. “Redefining Families: Who’s In and Who’s Out.” U. Colo. L. Rev. 62 (1991): 269.

———. “Rights for the Next Generation: A Feminist Approach to Children’s Rights.” Harv. Women’s LJ 9 (1986): 1.

———. “We, the Family: Constitutional Rights and American Families.” The Journal of American History74, no. 3 (1987): 959-983.

Rawson, Beryl, and P. R. C. Weaver. The Roman Family in Italy: Status, Sentiment, Space. Canberra: Humanities Research Centre, 1997.

Renteln, Alison Dundes. The Cultural Defense. New York: Oxford University Press, USA, 2005.

Shachar, Ayelet. “Group identity and women’s rights in family law: the perils of multicultural accommodation.”Journal of Political Philosophy 6, no. 3 (1998): 285-305.

———. “Privatizing Diversity: A Cautionary Tale from Religious Arbitration in Family Law.” Theoretical Inquiries in Law 9, no. 2 (2008): 573-607.

 

Chinese Empire

Barrett, Timothy Hugh. Taoism Under the T’ang: Religion & Empire During the Golden Age of Chinese History. London: Wellsweep, 1996.

Bickers, Robert A. Britain in China: Community, Culture and Colonialism 1900-1949. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1999.

Bickers, Robert A., and Christian Henriot. New Frontiers: Imperialism’s New Communities in East Asia, 1842-1953. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2000.

Howland, Douglas. Borders of Chinese Civilization: Geography and History at Empire’s End. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1996.

Hsia, Ronnie Po-Chia. “The Political Theologies of Empires: Jesuit Missionaries between Counter-Reformation Europe and the Chinese Empire.” In Friars, Nobles and Burghers–Sermons, Images and Prints: Studies of Culture and Society in Early-Modern Europe, in Memoriam István György Tóth, edited by Jaroslav Miller and László Kontler, 213-232. Budapest: Central European UP, 2010.

 

Christianity

Asad, Talal. Formations of the Secular: Christianity, Islam, Modernity. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2003.

Bane, Mary Jo, Brent Coffin, and Richard Higgins, eds. Taking Faith Seriously. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2005.

Elbourne, Elizabeth. Blood Ground Colonialism, Missions, and the Contest for Christianity in the Cape Colony and Britain, 1799-1853. Montreal [Que.]: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2002.

Falke, Cassandra. Intersections in Christianity and Critical Theory. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.

Gregerson, Linda, and Susan Juster. Empires of God: Religious Encounters in the Early Modern Atlantic. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011.

Hsia, Ronnie Po-Chia. “The Political Theologies of Empires: Jesuit Missionaries between Counter-Reformation Europe and the Chinese Empire.” In Friars, Nobles and Burghers–Sermons, Images and Prints: Studies of Culture and Society in Early-Modern Europe, in Memoriam István György Tóth, edited by Jaroslav Miller and László Kontler, 213-232. Budapest: Central European UP, 2010.

Imhoff, Sarah. 2013. “Manly Missions: Jews, Christians, and American Religious Masculinity, 1900-1920”. American Jewish History. 97, no. 2: 139-158. (Masculinity, Judaism)

Mignolo, Walter D. 2006. “Citizenship, Knowledge, and the Limits of Humanity”. American Literary History. 18, no. 2: 312-331.

Miller, Toby. 2008. “Creepy Christianity and September 11”. SubStance. 37, no. 1: 118-133.

 

Colonialism and postcolonialism

Asad, Talal, ed. Anthropology & the Colonial Encounter. London: Ithaca Press, 1973.

Darian-Smith, Eve, and Peter Fitzpatrick, eds. Laws of the Postcolonial. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1999.

Hussain, Nasser. The Jurisprudence of Emergency: Colonialism and the Rule of Law. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2003.

Kohn, Margaret, and Keally D. McBride. Political Theories of Decolonization: Postcolonialism and the Problem of Foundations. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011.

Norton, Anne. 95 Theses on Politics, Culture, and Method. New Haven, Conn: Yale University Press, 2004.

 

Communitarianism

Barber, Benjamin R. “An American Civic Forum: Civil Society Between Market Individuals and the Political Community.” Social Philosophy and Policy 13 (1996): 269-283.

———. A Place for Us. New York: Farrar Straus & Giroux, 2004.

Carens, Joseph H. Culture, Citizenship, and Community: A Contextual Exploration of Justice as Evenhandedness. New York: Oxford University Press, USA, 2000.

Schwartz, Nancy L. 1985. “Communitarian Citizenship: Marx & Weber on the City”.Polity. 17, no. 3: 530-548.

 

Confucianism

Sun, Anna Xiao Dong. Confucianism As a World Religion: Contested Histories and Contemporary Realities. 2013.

 

Cosmopolitanism

Bean, Hamilton, Lisa Keränen, and Margaret Durfy. 2011. “’This Is London’”: Cosmopolitan Nationalism and the Discourse of Resilience in the Case of the 7/7 Terrorist Attacks”. Rhetoric & Public Affairs 14, no. 3: 427-464.

Benhabib, Seyla, Jeremy Waldron, Bonnie Honig, and Will Kymlicka. Another Cosmopolitanism. New York: Oxford University Press, USA, 2006.

Benhabib, Seyla. The Rights of Others: Aliens, Residents, and Citizens. Vol. 5. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Held, David. Democracy and the Global Order: From the Modern State to Cosmopolitan Governance. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1995.

Isin, Engin F. Democracy, Citizenship, and the Global City. London: Routledge, 2000.

Kearney, Richard. 1992. “Postmodernity and Nationalism: A European Perspective.” MFS Modern Fiction Studies. 38, no. 3: 581-593.

Mignolo, Walter D. 2002. “The Many Faces of Cosmo-Polis: Border Thinking and Critical Cosmopolitanism”. Cosmopolitanism.

O’Brien, Ruth. Out of Many, One: Obama & the Third American Political Tradition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, May 2013.

 

Disability

Emens, Elizabeth F., and Michael Ashley Stein. Disability and Equality Law. 2013.

McCluskey, Martha T. “Rethinking Equality and Difference: Disability Discrimination in Public Transportation.”Yale LJ 97 (1987): 863.

Minow, Martha. “When Difference Has Its Home: Group Homes for the Mentally Retarded, Equal Protection and Legal Treatment of Difference.” Harv. CR-CLL Rev. 22 (1987): 111.

O’Brien, Ruth. Bodies in Revolt: Gender, Disability and a Workplace Ethic of Care. London: Routledge, 2005.

———. Crippled Justice: The History of Modern Disability Policy in the Workplace. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001.

———. “From a Doctor’s to a Judge’s Gaze: Epistemic Communities and the History of Disability Rights Policy in the Workplace” Polity 35 (April 2003): 325-46.

———. “Other Voices at the Workplace: Gender, Disability and An Alternative Ethic of Care,” SIGNS: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 30, no. 2 (2005): 1529-55.

———. “A Subversive Act: The Americans with Disabilities Act, Foucault, and an Alternative Ethic of Care at the Workplace,” Texas Women’s Law Review 13 (Fall 2003): 55-89.

———. (ed.) Voices from the Edge: Narratives about the Americans with Disabilities Act. Oxford University Press, 2004.

 

Dutch empire

Dewulf, Jeroen. 2011. “The Many Meanings of Freedom: The Debate on the Legitimacy of Colonialism in the Dutch Resistance, 1940-1949”. Journal of Colonialism and Colonial History. 12, no. 1.

Jardine, Lisa. Going Dutch: How England Plundered Holland’s Glory. New York: Harper, 2008.

Jung, Dietrich. 2010. “Islam as a Problem’: Dutch Religious Politics in the East Indies.” Review of Religious Research 51, no. 3: 288-301.

Scheppele, Kim Lane. “Commentary on the 2011 Grotius Lecture: Amartya Sen’s Vision for Human Rights-And Why He Needs the Law.” Am. Soc’y Int’l L. Proc. 105 (2011): 12.

Van Ittersum, Martine Julia, and Hugo Grotius. Profit and Principle Hugo Grotius, Natural Rights Theories and the Rise of Dutch Power in the East Indies, 1595-1615. Leiden: Brill, 2006.

White N.J. 2011. “Reconstructing Europe Through Rejuvenating Empire: The British, French, and Dutch Experiences Compared”. Past and Present. 210, no. SUPPL. 6: 211-236.

 

Europe

Asad, Talal. “Are there Histories of Peoples Without Europe? A Review Article.” Comparative Studies in Society and History 29, no. 03 (1987): 594-607.

Brubaker, Rogers. Citizenship and Nationhood in France and Germany. Vol. 21. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1992.

———. “Nationalism Refrained: Nationhood and the National Question in the New Europe.” Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Byrnes, Timothy A., and Peter J. Katzenstein, eds. Religion in an Expanding Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.

Schmitter, Philippe C. How to Democratize the European Union–and Why Bother?  Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Pub Incorporated, 2000.

 

Exceptionalism

Schueller, Malini Johar, ed. Exceptional State: Contemporary US Culture and the New Imperialism. Durham, NC: Duke University Press Books, 2007.

 

Existentialism

Wolin, Richard. The Terms of Cultural Criticism: The Frankfurt School, Existentialism, Poststructuralism. New York: Columbia University Press, 1992.

 

Feminism, gender, and women

al-Hibri, Azizah Y. “Muslim Women’s Rights in the Global Village: Challenges and Opportunities.” The Journal of Law and Religion (2000): 37-66.

———. “Who Defines Women’s Rights? A Third World Woman’s Response.” Human Rights Brief 2, no. 1 (1994): 13.

Bumiller, Kristin. In an Abusive State: How Neoliberalism Appropriated the Feminist Movement Against Sexual Violence. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2008.

Eltahawy, Mona. “Why Do They Hate Ws?” Foreign Policy, May/June, 2012.

Fineman, Martha Albertson. “Feminist Theory in Law: The Difference It Makes.” Colum. J. Gender & L. 2 (1992): 1.

Fineman, Martha, and Terence Dougherty. Feminism Confronts Homo Economicus: Gender, Law, and Society. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 2005.

Fineman, Martha, and Isabel Karpin. Mothers in Law: Feminist Theory and the Legal Regulation of Motherhood. New York: Columbia University Press, 1995.

Fineman, Martha, and Martha T. McCluskey. Feminism, Media, and the Law. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Gilligan, Carol. In a Different Voice: Psychological Theory and Women’s Development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1982.

———. Joining the Resistance. Cambridge, UK: Polity, 2011.

———. Kyra: A Novel. New York: Random House, 2008.

———. Mapping the Moral Domain: A Contribution of Women’s Thinking to Psychological Theory and Education. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1988.

———. The Birth of Pleasure. New York: Knopf, 2002 (Vintage, 2003).

———. The Deepening Darkness: Patriarchy, Resistance, and Democracy’s Future (with David Richards). New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009.

Gould, Carol C., ed. Beyond domination: New Perspectives on Women and Philosophy. New York: Rowman & Allanheld, 1984.

Guinier, Lani, and Martha Minow. “Dynamism, Not Just Diversity.” Harv. JL & Gender 30 (2007): 269.

Held, Virginia. The Ethics of Care: Personal, Political, and Global. New York: Oxford University Press, USA, 2005.

———. Feminist Morality: Transforming Culture, Society, and Politics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993.

———. “The Meshing of Care and Justice.” Hypatia 10, no. 2 (1995): 128-132.

Isin, Engin F. Democracy, Citizenship, and the Global City. London: Routledge, 2000.

Krauss, Deborah J. “Regulating Women’s Bodies: The Adverse Effect of Fetal Rights Theory on Childbirth Decisions and Women of Color.” Harv. CR-CLL Rev. 26 (1991): 523.

Mahmood, Saba. “Feminist Theory, Embodiment, and the Docile Agent: Some Reflections on the Egyptian Islamic Revival.” Cultural Anthropology 16, no. 2 (2008): 202-236.

———. Politics of Piety: The Islamic Revival and the Feminist Subject (New in Paper). Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2011.

Minow, Martha. “About Women, About Culture: About Them, About Us.” Daedalus (2000): 125-145.

———. “Beyond Universality.” U. Chi. Legal F. (1989): 115.

———. “Foreword: Justice Engendered.” Harv. L. Rev. 101 (1987): 10.

Schlanger, Margo. “Gender Matters: Teaching a Reasonable Woman Standard in Personal Injury Law.” St. Louis University Law Journal 45 (2001): 769.

Scott, Joan Wallach. “Deconstructing Equality-versus-difference: Or, the uses of Poststructuralist Theory for Feminism.” The postmodern turn: New perspectives on social theory 15 (1994): 282.

———. Gender and the Politics of History. New York: Columbia University Press, 1999.

———. Only Paradoxes to Offer: French Feminists and the Rights of Man. Harvard University Press, 1996.

———. Parité: Sexual Equality and the Crisis of French Universalism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005.

———. The Fantasy of Feminist History. Durham: Duke University Press, 2011.

———. Feminists Theorize the Political (edited with Judith Butler). New York,

———. Feminism and History (A volume in the Oxford series, Readings in Feminism). Oxford University Press, 1996.

———. Transitions, Environments, Translations: Feminisms in International Politics (edited with Cora Kaplan and Debra Keates). Routledge, 1997.

———. Women’s Studies on the Edge. Durham, Duke University Press, 2009. II.

Shachar, Ayelet. “Group identity and women’s rights in family law: the perils of multicultural accommodation.”Journal of Political Philosophy 6, no. 3 (1998): 285-305.

———. Multicultural Jurisdictions: Cultural Differences and Women’s Rights. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Smith, Rogers M. “One United People: Second-Class Female Citizenship and the American Quest for Community.” Yale JL & Human. 1 (1988): 229.

 

Feudalism

Desan, Suzanne. 2000. “What’s After Political Culture? Recent French Revolutionary Historiography”. French Historical Studies. 23, no. 1: 163.

Markoff, John. The Abolition of Feudalism: Peasants, Lords, and Legislators in the French Revolution. University Park, Pa: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1996.

Orren, Karen. Belated Feudalism: Labor, the Law, and Liberal Development in the United States. Cambridge [England]: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

 

French Empire

Brubaker, Rogers. Citizenship and Nationhood in France and Germany. Vol. 21. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1992.

Desan, Suzanne. 2000. “What’s After Political Culture? Recent French Revolutionary Historiography”. French Historical Studies. 23, no. 1: 163.

Favell, Adrian. Philosophies of Integration: Immigration and the Idea of Citizenship in France and Britain. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 1998.

Hélénon, Véronique. French Caribbeans in Africa: Diasporic Connections and Colonial Administration, 1880-1939. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011.

Markoff, John. The Abolition of Feudalism: Peasants, Lords, and Legislators in the French Revolution. University Park, Pa: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1996.

Pagden, Anthony. 2003. “Human Rights, Natural Rights, and Europes Imperial Legacy”.Administrative Structure and Organization. 30, no. 2.

Ramadan, Tariq. Muslims in France: The Way Towards Coexistence. Leicester: Islamic Foundation, 1999.

Scott, Joan Wallach. “French Universalism in the Nineties.” Differences: A Journal of Feminist Cultural Studies15, no. 2 (2004): 32-53.

———. Only Paradoxes to Offer: French Feminists and the Rights of Man. Harvard University Press, 1996.

———. Parité: Sexual Equality and the Crisis of French Universalism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005.

———. Théorie Critique de l’Histoire: Identités, expériences, politiques. Fayard, 2009.

White N.J. 2011. “Reconstructing Europe Through Rejuvenating Empire: The British, French, and Dutch Experiences Compared”. Past and Present. 210, no. SUPPL. 6: 211-236.

Woolf, Greg. Becoming Roman: The Origins of Provincial Civilization in Gaul. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

 

Globalization

An-Na’im, Abdullahi A. “Globalization and Jurisprudence: An Islamic Law Perspective.” Emory LJ 54 (2005): 25.

Ballantyne, Tony, and Antoinette M. Burton. Moving Subjects: Gender, Mobility, and Intimacy in an Age of Global Empire. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2009.

Barber, Benjamin R. “Can Democracy Survive Globalization?.” Government and Opposition 35, no. 3 (2000): 275-301.

———. “A Failure of Democracy, Not Capitalism.” New York Times (2002): A23.

———. Fear’s Empire: War, Terrorism, and Democracy. New York: WW Norton & Company, 2004.

———. “Global Democracy or Global Law: Which Comes First?.” Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies 1, no. 1 (1993): 119-137.

———. Jihad vs McWorld. New York, Ballantine Books, 1996.

Beck, Robert J., and Thomas Ambrosio. International Law and the Rise of Nations: The State System and the Challenge of Ethnic Groups. New York: Chatham House Publishers, 2002.

Benhabib, Seyla. “Citizens, Residents, and Aliens in a Changing World: Political Membership in the Global Era.” Social Research (1999): 709-744

———. Transformations of Citizenship: Dilemmas of the Nation State in the Era of Globalization: Two Lectures. Van Gorcum Limited, 2001.

———. The Claims of Culture: Equality and Diversity in the Global Era. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2002.

———, ed. Democracy and Difference: Contesting the Boundaries of the Political. Vol. 31. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1996

———. “Transformations of Citizenship: the Case of Contemporary Europe.” Government and Opposition 37, no. 4 (2002): 439-465.

———. Transformations of Citizenship: Dilemmas of the Nation State in the Era of Globalization: Two Lectures. Van Gorcum Limited, 2001.

Berman, Paul. “The Globalization of Jurisdiction.” University of Pennsylvania Law Review 151 (2002): 311-529.

Casanova, José. Public Religions in the Modern World. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994.

Dahbour, Omar. “Advocating Sovereignty in an Age of Globalization.” Journal of Social Philosophy 37, no. 1 (2006): 108-126.

———. “Is ‘Globalizing Democracy’ Possible?.” Radical Philosophy Today 4 (2010): 255-260.

———. “Three Models of Global Community.” The Journal of Ethics 9, no. 1 (2005): 201-224.

Euben, Roxanne L. “Contingent Borders, Syncretic perspectives: Globalization, Political Theory, and Islamizing knowledge. International Studies Review (2002): 23-48.

Franck, Thomas Martin. 2002. “Clan and Superclan: Loyalty, Identity and Community in Law and Practice”. International Law and the Rise of Nations : the State System and the Challenge of Ethnic Groups. 5-30.

Gautney, Heather. Democracy, States, and the Struggle for Global Justice: Politics After Democracy. Routledge, 2009.

Gould, Carol C. Globalizing democracy and human rights. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

———. “Transnational Solidarities.” Journal of Social Philosophy 38, no. 1 (2007): 148-164.

Gould, Carol, and Pasquale Paquino. Cultural Identity and the Nation-state. New York: Rowman & Littlefield, 2001.

Held, Virginia. The Ethics of Care: Personal, Political, and Global. New York: Oxford University Press, USA, 2005.

———. Feminist Morality: Transforming Culture, Society, and Politics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993.

———. “The Meshing of Care and Justice.” Hypatia 10, no. 2 (1995): 128-132.

Isin, Engin F. Democracy, Citizenship, and the Global City. London: Routledge, 2000.

Okin, Susan Moller. Is Multiculturalism Bad for Women?  Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1999.

Schiller, Nina Glick Caglar, Ayse, and Thaddeus C Guldbrandsen. 2006. “Beyond (Methodological) Nationalism – Beyond the Ethnic Lens: Locality, Globality, and Born-Again Incorporation”. American Ethnologist. 33, no. 4: 612.

 

Greek Empire

Boardman, John. The Greeks Overseas. Baltimore: Penguin Books, 1964.

Dagger, Richard. 1981. “Metropolis, Memory, and Citizenship”. American Journal of Political Science. 25, no. 4: 715-737.

Davies, John K. 1977. “Athenian Citizenship: The Descent Group and the Alternatives”.The Classical Journal. 73, no. 2: 105-121.

Dench, Emma. From Barbarians to New Men: Greek, Roman, and Modern Perceptions of Peoples of the Central Apennines. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1995.

Dover, K. J. Greek Homosexuality. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1978.

Finley, M. I., Brent D. Shaw, and Richard P. Saller. Economy and Society in Ancient Greece. New York: Viking Press, 1982.

Graham, A. J. Colony and Mother City in Ancient Greece. New York: Barnes & Noble, 1964.

Gruen, Erich S. The Hellenistic World and the Coming of Rome. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1984.

Halperin, David M., John J. Winkler, and Froma I. Zeitlin. Before Sexuality: The Construction of Erotic Experience in the Ancient Greek World. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1990.

Halperin, David M. One Hundred Years of Homosexuality: And Other Essays on Greek Love. New York: Routledge, 1990.

Hansen, Mogens Herman. The Athenian democracy in the age of Demosthenes: structure, principles, and ideology. Oxford, UK: B. Blackwell, 1991.

Hignett, C. A History of the Athenian Constitution to the End of the Fifth Century B.C. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1952.

Luraghi, Nino, and Susan E. Alcock. Helots and Their Masters in Laconia and Messenia: Histories, Ideologies, Structures. Washington, D.C.: Center for Hellenic Studies, Trustees for Harvard University, 2003.

Meiggs, Russell. The Athenian Empire. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1972.

Momigliano, Arnaldo. Alien Wisdom: The Limits of Hellenization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975.

Nichols, Mary P. 2007. “Philosophy and Empire: On Socrates and Alcibiades in Plato’s “Symposium”. Polity. 39, no. 4: 502-521.

Osborne, Robin. Demos, the Discovery of Classical Attika. Cambridge [Cambridgeshire]: Cambridge University Press, 1985.

Ostwald, Martin. From Popular Sovereignty to the Sovereignty of Law: Law, Society, and Politics in Fifth-Century Athens. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986.

Pagden, Anthony. 2003. “Human Rights, Natural Rights, and Europe’s Imperial Legacy,” Administrative Structure and Organization 30, no. 2.

Powell, Anton. Athens and Sparta Constructing Greek Political and Social History from 478 BC. London: Routledge, 2001.

Raaflaub, Kurt A. The discovery of freedom in ancient Greece. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004.

Roberts, Jennifer Tolbert. 1982. “Athens’ So-Called Unofficial Politicians”. Hermes. 110, no. 3: 354-362.

Schwartz, Nancy L. 1985. “Communitarian Citizenship: Marx & Weber on the City,” Polity 17, no. 3: 530-548.

 

Informalism

Harrington, Christine B. Shadow Justice: The Ideology and Institutionalization of Alternatives to Court. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1985.

 

Islam

Ahmed, Leila. A Quiet Revolution: The Veil’s Resurgence, from the Middle East to America.  New Haven: Yale University Press, 2011.

———.  Women and Gender in Islam: Historical Roots of a Modern Debate.  New Haven: Yale University Press, 1993.

al-Hibri, Azizah Y. “Faith and the Attorney-Client Relationship: A Muslim Perspective.” Fordham L. Rev. 66 (1997): 1131.

———. “Islamic and American Constitutional Law: Borrowing Possibilities or a History of Borrowing.”U. Pa. J. Const. L. 1 (1998): 492.

———. “Islamic Constitutionalism and the Concept of Democracy.” Case W. Res. J. Int’l L. 24 (1992): 1.

———. “Islam, Law and Custom: Redefining Muslim Women’s Rights.” Am. UJ Int’l L. & Pol’y 12 (1997): 1.

———. “Muslim Women’s Rights in the Global Village: Challenges and Opportunities.” The Journal of Law and Religion (2000): 37-66.

———. “Who Defines Women’s Rights? A Third World Woman’s Response.” Human Rights Brief 2, no. 1 (1994): 13.

Ahmed, Leila.  Women and Gender in Islam: Historical Roots of a Modern Debate.  New Haven: Yale University Press, 1993.

An-Na’im, Abdullahi A. African Constitutionalism and the Role of Islam. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2006.

———. “Contingent Universality of Human Rights: The Case of Freedom of Expression in African and Islamic Contexts, The.” Emory Int’l L. Rev. 11 (1997): 29.

———. “Globalization and Jurisprudence: An Islamic Law Perspective.” Emory LJ 54 (2005): 25.

———. Human Rights in Cross-cultural Perspectives: A Quest for Consensus. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1995.

———. Islam and the Secular State: Negotiating the Future of Sharia. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2008.

———, ed. Islamic Family Law in a Changing World: A Global Resource Book. London: Zed Books, 2002.

———. “Rights of Women and International Law in the Muslim Context, The.” Whittier Law Review9 (1987): 491.

———. “The Synergy and Interdependence of Human Rights, Religion and Secularism.” Inpolylog: Forum for Intercultural Philosophy, vol. 2. 2001.

———. Toward an Islamic Reformation: Civil liberties, Human Rights, and International Law. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1996.

———. “What Do We Mean by Universal?.” Index on Censorship 23, no. 4-5 (1994): 120-128.

Arat, Yeşim. Rethinking Islam and liberal democracy: Islamist women in Turkish politics. Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 2005.

Asad, Talal. Formations of the Secular: Christianity, Islam, Modernity. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2003.

———. “Two European Images of Non-European Rule.” Economy and Society 2, no. 3 (1973): 263-277.

Beckford, James A. “Secularism and Coercive Freedoms.” The British Journal of Sociology 59, no. 1 (2008): 41-45.

Benhabib, Seyla. “Unholy Wars.” Constellations 9, no. 1 (2002): 34-45.

Bilgrami, Akeel. “The Clash Within Civilizations.” Daedalus (2003): 88-93.

———. “Occidentalism, the Very Idea: An essay on Enlightenment and Enchantment.” Critical Inquiry32, no. 3 (2006): 381-411.

———. “What is a Muslim? Fundamental Commitment and Cultural Identity.” Critical Inquiry 18, no. 4 (1992): 821-842.

Bilici, Mucahit. “American Jihad: Representations of Islam in the United States after 9/11.” American Journal of Social Sciences 22 (2005): 50-69.

Byrnes, Timothy A., and Peter J. Katzenstein, eds. Religion in an Expanding Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.

Creppell, Ingrid, Russell Hardin, and Stephen Macedo, eds. Toleration on Trial.  Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2008.

Eltahawy, Mona. “Why Do They Hate Ws?” Foreign Policy, May/June, 2012.

Euben, Roxanne L. “Contingent Borders, Syncretic perspectives: Globalization, Political Theory, and Islamizing knowledge.” International Studies Review (2002): 23-48.

———. “Comparative Political Theory: an Islamic Fundamentalist Critique of Rationalism.” Journal of Politics 59 (1997): 28-55.

———. Enemy in the Mirror: Islamic Fundamentalism and the Limits of Modern Rationalism: a Work of Comparative Political Theory. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1999.

———. Journeys to the Other Shore: Muslim and Western Travelers in Search of Knowledge. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2008.

———. “Killing (for) Politics: Jihad, Martyrdom, and Political Action.” Political Theory 30, no. 1 (2002): 4-35.

———. “Premodern, Antimodern or Postmodern? Islamic and Western critiques of modernity.”Review of Politics 59 (1997): 429-460.

Euben, Roxanne. “When Worldviews Collide: Conflicting Assumptions About Human Behavior Held by Rational Actor Theory and Islamic Fundamentalism.” Political Psychology (1995): 157-178.

Farnia, Nina. 2011. “Law’s Inhumanities: Peripheral Racialization and the Early Development of an Iranian Race”. Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East. 31, no. 2: 455-473.

Forst, Rainer. “The Limits of Toleration.” Constellations 11, no. 3 (2004): 312-325.

———. “Tolerance as a Virtue of Justice.” Philosophical Explorations 4, no. 3 (2001): 193-206.

Hale, Sondra. Gender Politics in Sudan: Islamism, Socialism, and the State. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1996.

Hansen, Randall. “The Two Faces of Liberalism: Islam in Contemporary Europe.” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 37, no. 6 (2011): 881-897.

Hashemi, Nader. Islam, Secularism, and Liberal Democracy: Toward a Democratic Theory for Muslim Societies. New York: Oxford University Press, USA, 2009.

Haddad, Yvonne Yazbeck, ed. Muslims in the West: From Dojourners to Citizens. New York: Oxford University Press, USA, 2002.

Hunter, Shireen. Islam, Europe’s Second Religion: The New social, Cultural, and Political Landscape. London: Praeger Publishers, 2002.

Klausen, Jytte. The Islamic Challenge: Politics and Religion in Western Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.

Korteweg, Anna C. “The Sharia Debate in Ontario Gender, Islam, and Representations of Muslim Women’s Agency.” Gender & Society 22, no. 4 (2008): 434-454.

Laurence, Jonathan. The Emancipation of Europe’s Muslims: The State’s Role in Minority IntegrationPrinceton: Princeton University Press, 2012.

Lee, Robert D. Overcoming Tradition and Modernity: The Search for Islamic Authenticity. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1997.

Leiken, Robert S. Europe’s Angry Muslims: The Revolt of the Second GenerationOxford: Oxford University Press, 2011.

Mahmood, Saba. “Feminist Theory, Embodiment, and the Docile Agent: Some Reflections on the Egyptian Islamic Revival.” Cultural Anthropology 16, no. 2 (2008): 202-236.

———. Politics of Piety: The Islamic Revival and the Feminist Subject (New in Paper). Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2011.

March, Andrew F. “Are Secularism and Neutrality Attractive to Religious Minorities-Islamic Discussions of Western Secularism in the Jurisprudence of Muslim Minorities (Fiqh Al-Aqualliyyat) Discourse.” Cardozo L. Rev.30 (2008): 2821.

March, Andrew F. “The Demands of Citizenship: Translating Political Liberalism Into the Language of Islam.”Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs 25, no. 3 (2005): 317-345.

———. Islam and Liberal Citizenship The Search for an Overlapping Consensus. New York: Oxford University Press, USA, 2009.

———. “Islamic Foundations for a Social Contract in Non-Muslim Liberal Democracies.” American Political Science Review 101, no. 2 (2007): 235.

———. “Liberal Citizenship and the Search for an Overlapping Consensus: The Case of Muslim Minorities.” Philosophy & Public Affairs 34, no. 4 (2006): 373-421.

———. “Reading Tariq Ramadan: Political Liberalism, Islam, and “Overlapping Consensus”.” Ethics & International Affairs 21, no. 4 (2007): 399-413.

———. “Theocrats Living under Secular Law: An External Engagement with Islamic Legal Theory*.”Journal of Political Philosophy 19, no. 1 (2010): 28-51.

Muslims in Europe: A Report on 11 EU Cities by the Open Society Institute.

Ramadan, Tariq. Islam, the West and the Challenges of Modernity. Leicester, UK: Islamic Foundation, 2001.

———. Muslims in France: The Way Towards Coexistence. Leicester: Islamic Foundation, 1999.

———. Western Muslims and the Future of Islam. New York: Oxford University Press, USA, 2003.

Sadiki, Larbi. The Search for Arab Democracy: Discourses and Counter-discourses. New York: Columbia University Press, 2004.

Said, Edward W. Covering Islam: How the Media and the Experts Determine How We See the Rest of the World. New York: Vintage Books, 1997.

Scott, Joan Wallach. The Politics of the Veil. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2007.

Sheth, Falguni A. “Unruly Muslim Women and Threats to Liberal Culture.” Peace Review: A Journal of Social Justice 18, no. 4 (2006): 455-463.

Vakulenko, Anastasia. “Islamic Headscarves’ and the European Convention On Human Rights: an Intersectional Perspective.” Social & Legal Studies 16, no. 2 (2007): 183-199.

Zakaria, Fareed. “Islam, Democracy, and Constitutional Liberalism.” Political Science Quarterly (2004): 1-20.

 

LGBT, intersex, sexuality

Aldrich, Robert. Colonialism and Homosexuality. London: Routledge, 2003.

Butler, Judith. 2001. “Doing Justice to Someone: Sex Reassignment and Allegories of Transsexuality”. GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies. 7, no. 4: 621-636.

Burgess, Susan. “Queer new institutionalism,” in The Supreme Court in American Politics: New Institutionalist Interpretations. Howard, Gillman and Cornell W. Clayton (eds). Lawrence, Kan: University Press of Kansas, 1999.

Chauncey, George. Gay New York: Gender, Urban Culture, and the Makings of the Gay Male World, 1890-1940. New York: Basic Books, 1994.

Creppell, Ingrid, Russell Hardin, and Stephen Macedo, eds. Toleration on Trial.  Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2008.

Dover, K. J. Greek Homosexuality. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1978.

Feinberg, Leslie. Trans Liberation: Beyond Pink or Blue. Boston, Mass: Beacon Press, 1998.

Fineman, Martha, Jack E. Jackson, and Adam P. Romero. Feminist and Queer Legal Theory Intimate Encounters, Uncomfortable Conversations. Farnham, UK: Ashgate, 2009.

Fineman, Martha, and Terence Dougherty. Feminism Confronts Homo Economicus: Gender, Law, and Society. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 2005.

Halperin, David M., John J. Winkler, and Froma I. Zeitlin. Before Sexuality: The Construction of Erotic Experience in the Ancient Greek World. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1990.

Halperin, David M. One Hundred Years of Homosexuality: And Other Essays on Greek Love. New York: Routledge, 1990.

Jagose, Annamarie. Queer Theory: An Introduction. New York: New York University Press, 1996.

Josephson, Jyl. 2005. “Citizenship, Same-Sex Marriage, and Feminist Critiques of Marriage”. Perspectives on Politics. 3, no. 2: 269-284.

Keck, Thomas M. “Beyond Backlash: Assessing the Impact of Judicial Decisions on LGBT Rights.” Law & Society Review 43, no. 1 (2009): 151-186.

Keen, Lisa Melinda, and Suzanne Beth Goldberg. Strangers to the Law: Gay People on Trial. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2000.

Namaste, Viviane K. Invisible Lives: The Erasure of Transsexual and Transgendered People. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000.

Noble, Jean Bobby. Sons of the Movement FtMs Risking Incoherance on a Post-Queer Cultural Landscape. Toronto: Women’s Press, 2006.

Puar, Jasbir K. Terrorist Assemblages: Homonationalism in Queer Times. Durham: Duke University Press, 2007.

Shakhsari, Sima. 2012. “From Homoerotics of Exile to Homopolitics of Diaspora: Cyberspace, the War on Terror, and the Hypervisible Iranian Queer”. Journal of Middle East Women’s Studies. 8, no. 3: 14-40.

Stone, Sandy. The “Empire” Strikes Back: A Posttranssexual Manifesto. Austin: University of Texas. Dept. of Radio, Television and Film, 2004.

Stryker, Susan. Transgender History. Berkeley, CA: Seal Press, 2008.

Stryker, Susan, and Stephen Whittle. The Transgender Studies Reader. New York: Routledge, 2006.

Stryker, Susan, and Aren Z. Aizura. The Transgender Studies Reader 2. 2013.

Sunstein, Cass R. “Sexual Orientation and the Constitution: A Note on the Relationship Between Due Process and Equal Protection.” U. Chi. L. Rev. 55 (1988): 1161.

Valelly R.M. 2012. “LGBT Politics and American Political Development”. Annual Review of Political Science. 15: 313-332.

Williams, Craig A. Roman Homosexuality: Ideologies of Masculinity in Classical Antiquity. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Young, Iris Marion. Justice and the Politics of Difference (New in Paper). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2011.

 

Liberalism

Avila, Mitchell. “Defending a Law of Peoples: Political Liberalism and Decent Peoples.” The Journal of Ethics 11, no. 1 (2007): 87-124.

Barber, Benjamin R. The Conquest of Politics: Liberal Philosophy in Democratic Times. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1989.

———. A Passion for Democracy: American Essays. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2000.

———. Strong Democracy: Participatory Politics for a New Age. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2004.

Bilgrami, Akeel. “Secular Liberalism and Moral Psychology of Identity.” Economic and Political Weekly (1997): 2527-2540.

Katznelson, Ira. Liberalism’s Crooked Circle: Letters to Adam Michnik. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1998.

Kukathas, Chandran. The Liberal Archipelago: A Theory of Diversity and Freedom. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003.

Maclure, Jocelyn. “The Politics of Recognition at an Impasse? Identity Politics and Democratic Citizenship,”Canadian Journal of Political Science / Revue canadienne de science politique , Vol. 36, No. 1 (Mar., 2003), pp. 3-2.

March, Andrew F. “The Demands of Citizenship: Translating Political Liberalism Into the Language of Islam.”Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs 25, no. 3 (2005): 317-345.

———. Islam and Liberal Citizenship The Search for an Overlapping Consensus. New York: Oxford University Press, USA, 2009.

———. “Islamic Foundations for a Social Contract in Non-Muslim Liberal Democracies.” American Political Science Review 101, no. 2 (2007): 235

———. “Liberal Citizenship and the Search for an Overlapping Consensus: The Case of Muslim Minorities.” Philosophy & Public Affairs 34, no. 4 (2006): 373-421.

———. “Reading Tariq Ramadan: Political Liberalism, Islam, and “Overlapping Consensus”.” Ethics & International Affairs 21, no. 4 (2007): 399-413.

Mehta, Uday Singh. The Anxiety of Freedom: Imagination and Individuality in Locke’s Political Thought. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1992.

Rabkin, Jeremy. “Grotius, Vattel and Locke: An Older View of Liberalism and Nationality.” Review of Politics 59 (1997): 293-322.

Rawls, John. “The Domain of the Political and Overlapping Consensus.” NYUL Rev. 64 (1989): 233.

———. Justice as Fairness: A Restatement. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press, 2001.

———. “The Law of Peoples.” Critical Inquiry 20, no. 1 (1993): 36-68.

———. Political Liberalism. New York: Columbia University Press, 1993.

———. A Theory of Justice. Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1971.

Ryan, Alan. John Dewey and the High Tide of American Liberalism. New York: WW Norton & Company, 1997.

———, ed. The Idea of Freedom: Essays in Honour of Isaiah Berlin. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1979.

———. John Stuart Mill. New York: Pantheon Books, 1970.

Sandel, Michael J. Liberalism and the Limits of Justice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

Smith, Rogers M. Liberalism and American Constitutional Law. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1985.

———. “The” American Creed” and American identity: The Limits of Liberal Citizenship in the United States.” The Western Political Quarterly (1988): 225-251.

———. “Beyond Tocqueville, Myrdal, and Hartz: the Multiple Traditions in America.” American Political Science Review (1993): 549-566.

———. Civic Ideals: Conflicting Visions of Citizenship in US History. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999.

Spinner-Halev, Jeff. The Boundaries of Citizenship: Race, Ethnicity, and Nationality in the Liberal State. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995.

Stolzenberg, Nomi Maya. “He Drew a Circle That Shut Me out:” Assimilation, Indoctrination, and the Paradox of a Liberal Education.” Harvard Law Review (1993): 581-667.

Sunstein, Cass R. After the Rights Revolution: Reconceiving the Regulatory State. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1993.

———. “Deliberative Trouble? Why Groups go to Extremes.” Yale Law Journal (2000): 71-119.

———. “Democracy and the Problem of Free Speech.” Publishing Research Quarterly 11, no. 4 (1995): 58-72.

———. Designing Democracy: What Constitutions Do. New York: Oxford University Press, USA, 2001.

———. Why Societies Need Dissent. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2005.

———. “Why They Hate Us: The Role of Social Dynamics.” Harv. JL & Pub. Pol’y 25 (2001): 429.

Tamir, Yael. Liberal Nationalism. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1995.

Williams, Melissa S. Voice, Trust, and Memory: Marginalized Groups and the Failings of Liberal Representation. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2000.

Zakaria, Fareed. “Islam, Democracy, and Constitutional Liberalism.” Political Science Quarterly (2004): 1-20.

 

Literature

Asad, Talal. “Ethnography, Literature, and Politics: Some Readings and Uses of Salman Rushdie’s The Satanic Verses.” Cultural Anthropology 5, no. 3 (2009): 239-269.

———. “Multiculturalism and British identity in the Wake of the Rushdie Affair.” Politics & Society18, no. 4 (1990): 455-480.

 

Multiculturalism

Asad, Talal. “Multiculturalism and British identity in the Wake of the Rushdie Affair.” Politics & Society18, no. 4 (1990): 455-480.

Benhabib, Seyla. “The Liberal Imagination and the Four Dogmas of Multiculturalism.” The Yale Journal of Criticism 12, no. 2 (1999): 401-413.

Carens, Joseph H. Culture, Citizenship, and Community: A Contextual Exploration of Justice as Evenhandedness. New York: Oxford University Press, USA, 2000.

Garton Ash, Timothy, “Freedom & Diversity: A Liberal Pentagram for Living Together,” The New York Review of Books, Nov. 22, 201.

Glazer, Nathan. We Are all Multiculturalists Now. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1997.

Gutmann, Amy. “The Challenge of Multiculturalism in Political Ethics.” Philosophy & Public Affairs 22, no. 3 (1993): 171-206.

Habermas, Jürgen. “Struggles for Recognition in Constitutional States.” European Journal of Philosophy 1, no. 2 (1993): 128-155.

Hollinger, David A. Postethnic America: Beyond Multiculturalism. New York: Basic Books, 2006.

Joppke, Christian. “The Retreat of Multiculturalism in the Liberal State: Theory and Policy.” The British Journal of Sociology 55, no. 2 (2004): 237-257.

Isin, Engin F. Democracy, Citizenship, and the Global City. London: Routledge, 2000.

Kukathas, Chandran. “Are There Any Cultural Rights?.” Political Theory 20, no. 1 (1992): 105-139.

Kymlicka, Will. Finding Our Way: Rethinking Ethnocultural Relations in Canada. Vol. 19. Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1998.

———. Multicultural Citizenship: A Liberal Theory of Minority Rights. Gloucestershire, UK: Clarendon Press, 1996.

———. Multicultural Odysseys: Navigating the New International Politics of Diversity.  Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.

Kymlicka, Will, and Wayne Norman. “Citizenship in Culturally Diverse Societies: Issues, Contexts, Concepts.”Citizenship in diverse societies (2000): 1-41.

Laden, Anthony Simon, and David Owen. Multiculturalism and political theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Minow, Martha. “Learning to Live with the Dilemma of Difference: Bilingual and Special Education.” Law and Contemporary Problems 48, no. 2 (1985): 157-211.

———. Making all the Difference: Inclusion, Exclusion, and American Law. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1991.

———. “Not Only for Myself: Identity, Politics, and Law.” Or. L. Rev. 75 (1996): 647.

———. Partial Justice: Law and Minorities. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1994.

Minow, Martha, and Todd Rakoff. “Is the “Reasonable Person” a Reasonable Standard in a Multicultural World.”Everyday Practices and Trouble Cases (1998): 40-67.

Okin, Susan Moller. Is Multiculturalism Bad for Women?  Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1999.

Parekh, Bhikhu C. Rethinking Multiculturalism: Cultural Diversity and Political Theory. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2002.

Renteln, Alison Dundes. The Cultural Defense. New York: Oxford University Press, USA, 2005.

Rosenblum, Nancy L. Obligations of Citizenship and Demands of Faith: Religious Accommodation in Pluralist Democracies. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2000.

Said, Edward W. Culture and Imperialism. New York: Vintage, 1994.

———. Orientalism.  New York: Vintage, 1979.

———. Power, Politics, and Culture. New York: Vintage, 2002.

Sarat, Austin, and Thomas R. Kearns, eds. Identities, Politics, and Rights. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1995

Scheffer, Paul.  Immigrant Nations. Translated from the Dutch by Liz Waters. New York: Polity, 2011.

Shachar, Ayelet. “On Citizenship and Multicultural Vulnerability.” Political Theory 28, no. 1 (2000): 64-89.

———. “Privatizing Diversity: A Cautionary Tale from Religious Arbitration in Family Law.” Theoretical Inquiries in Law 9, no. 2 (2008): 573-607.

Spinner-Halev, Jeff. Surviving Diversity: Religion and Democratic Citizenship. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000.

Shachar, Ayelet. “The Puzzle of Interlocking Power Hierarchies: Sharing the Pieces of Jurisdictional Authority.”Harv. CR-CLL Rev. 35 (2000): 385.

———. “Reshaping the Multicultural Model: Group Accommodation and Individual Rights.” Windsor Rev. Legal & Soc. Issues 8 (1998): 83.

Shachar, Ayelet. “Two Critiques of Multiculturalism.” Cardozo L. Rev. 23 (2001): 253.

Shweder, Richard A., Martha Minow, and Hazel Rose Markus, eds. Engaging Cultural Differences: The Multicultural Challenge in Liberal Democracies. New York: Russell Sage Foundation Publications, 2004.

Shweder, Richard A., Hazel R. Markus, Martha L. Minow, and Frank Kessel. “The Free Exercise of Culture: Ethnic Customs, Assimilation, and American Law.” Items: Newsletter of Social Science Research Council 51 (1998): 61-67.

Taylor, Charles. Multiculturalism:(Expanded paperback edition). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2011.

———. “The Politics of Recognition.” New Contexts of Canadian Criticism (1994): 98-131.

Tichenor, Daniel J. Dividing Lines: The Politics of Immigration Control in America. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2002.

Tully, James. Strange Multiplicity: Constitutionalism in an Age of Diversity. Vol. 1. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Waldron, Jeremy. “Minority Cultures and the Cosmopolitan Alternative.” U. Mich. JL Reform 25 (1991): 751.

———. “Multiculturalism and Mélange.” Public education in a multicultural society 102 (1996).

 

Nationalism, Anti-nationalism, and Self-Determination

Anderson, Benedict R. O’G. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. London: Verso, 1991.

Beck, Robert J., and Thomas Ambrosio. International Law and the Rise of Nations: The State System and the Challenge of Ethnic Groups. New York: Chatham House Publishers, 2002.

Beiner, Ronald. Liberalism, Nationalism, Citizenship Essays on the Problem of Political Community. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2003.

Bhabha, Homi K. The Location of Culture. New York: Routledge, 2004.

Brubaker, Rogers. Citizenship and Nationhood in France and Germany. Vol. 21. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1992.

———. “Nationalism Refrained: Nationhood and the National Question in the New Europe.” Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Dahbour, Omar. “Borders, Consent, and Democracy.” Journal of Social Philosophy 36, no. 2 (2005): 255-272.

———. Illusion of the Peoples: A Critique of National Self-Determination. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2003.

Franck, Thomas Martin. 2002. “Clan and Superclan: Loyalty, Identity and Community in Law and Practice”. International Law and the Rise of Nations : the State System and the Challenge of Ethnic Groups. 5-30.

Gould, Carol, and Pasquale Paquino. Cultural Identity and the Nation-state. New York: Rowman & Littlefield, 2001.

Gould, Carol C. “Self‐Determination beyond Sovereignty: Relating Transnational Democracy to Local Autonomy.”Journal of Social Philosophy 37, no. 1 (2006): 44-60.

Kymlicka, Will. Politics in the Vernacular. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Schaeffer, Robert K. Severed States: Dilemmas of Democracy in a Divided World. New York: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 1999.

Soysal, Yasemin Nuhoglu. Limits of Citizenship: Migrants and Postnational Membership in Europe. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995.

Smith, Anthony D. Nationalism: Theory, Ideology, History. Malden, Mass: Polity Press, 2001.

Spinner-Halev, Jeff. The Boundaries of Citizenship: Race, Ethnicity, and Nationality in the Liberal State. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995.

Tamir, Yael. Liberal Nationalism. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1995.

Verdery, Katherine. 1996. “Nationalism, Postsocialism, and Space in Eastern Europe”.Social Research. 63, no. 1: 77-95.

Wolin, Richard. The Seduction of Unreason: The Intellectual Romance with Fascism from Nietzsche to Postmodernism. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2004.

 

Neoconservatism

Brown, Wendy. “American Nightmare Neoliberalism, Neoconservatism, and De-Democratization.” Political Theory34, no. 6 (2006): 690-714.

 

Neoliberalism

Brown, Wendy. “Neo-liberalism and the End of Liberal Democracy.” Theory & Event 7, no. 1 (2003).

Bumiller, Kristin. In an Abusive State: How Neoliberalism Appropriated the Feminist Movement Against Sexual Violence. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2008.

 

Neotribalism

Anca, Celia de. Beyond Tribalism: Managing Identities in a Diverse World. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012.

Baram, Amatzia. “Neo-Tribalism in Iraq: Saddam Hussein’s Tribal Policies 1991-96,” International Journal of Middle East Studies 29, no. 1 (February 1997), pp. 1-31.

Barber, Benjamin R. Jihad vs McWorld. New York, Ballantine Books, 1996.

———. “Beyond Jihad vs. McWorld.” Revue Internationale et Strategique (2002): 21-30.

Brown, Wendy. “American Nightmare Neoliberalism, Neoconservatism, and De-Democratization.” Political Theory34, no. 6 (2006): 690-714.

Kearney, Richard. 1992. “Postmodernity and Nationalism: A European Perspective”.MFS Modern Fiction Studies. 38, no. 3: 581-593.

 

Parsi

Hansen, Kathryn. 1999. “Making Women Visible: Gender and Race Cross-Dressing in the Parsi Theatre”. Theatre Journal. 51, no. 2: 127-147.

Luhrmann, T.M. and David L White. 1998. “The Good Parsi: The Fate of a Colonial Elite in a Postcolonial Society”. The Journal of Asian Studies 57, no. 2: 578.

 

Participation

Gould, Carol C. Rethinking Democracy: Freedom and Social Co-operation in Politics, Economy, and Society. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989.

Harrington, Christine B. “The Politics of Participation and Nonparticipation in Dispute Processes.” Law & Policy 6, no. 2 (2008): 203-230.

Menser, Michael. “Transnational Participatory Democracy in Action: The case of La Via Campesina.” Journal of Social Philosophy 39, no. 1 (2008): 20-41.

Nackenoff, Carol. “Constitutional Reforms to Enhance Democratic Participation and Deliberation: Not All Clearly Trigger the Article V Amendment Process.” Md. L. Rev. 67 (2007): 62.

Young, Iris Marion. Justice and the Politics of Difference (New in Paper). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2011.

 

Pluralism

Balkin, Jack M. “Some Realism About Pluralism: Legal Realist Approaches to the First Amendment.” Duke Law Journal (1990): 375.

Kymlicka, Will, and Magda Opalski, eds. Can Liberal Pluralism be Exported?: Western Political Theory and Ethnic Relations in Eastern Europe. New York: Oxford University Press, USA, 2002.

Lijphart, Arend. Democracy in Plural Societies: A Comparative Exploration. Yale University Press, 1980.

Minow, Martha. “Confronting the Seduction of Choice: Law, Education, and American Pluralism.” Yale LJ 120 (2010): 814.

———. “Is Pluralism an Ideal or a Compromise: An Essay for Carol Weisbrod.” Conn. L. Rev. 40 (2007): 1287.

———. “Pluralisms.” Conn. L. Rev. 21 (1988): 965.

Minow, Martha, and Joseph Singer. “In Favor of Foxes: Pluralism as Fact and Aid to the Pursuit of Justice.”Boston University Law Review 90 (2010): 101.

Norgren, Jill, and Serena Nanda. American Cultural Pluralism and Law. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 1996.

Rosenblum, Nancy L. Obligations of Citizenship and Demands of Faith: Religious Accommodation in Pluralist Democracies. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2000.

Schmitter, Philippe C., and Terry Lynn Karl. “What Democracy is… and is not.” Journal of Democracy 2, no. 3 (1991): 75-88.

Walzer, Michael. Spheres of Justice: A Defense of Pluralism and Equality. New York: Basic Books, 1984.

Wong, David B. Natural Moralities: a Defense of Pluralistic Relativism. New York: Oxford University Press, USA, 2006.

Yosef, Raz, and Avishai Margalit. The Rights of Minority Cultures. Edited by Will Kymlicka. (ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995.

Young, Iris Marion. Inclusion and Democracy. Vol. 18. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000.

 

Postmodernism

Cain, Maureen Elizabeth, and Christine B. Harrington. Lawyers in a Postmodern World: Translation and Transgression. Berkshire, UK: Open University Press, 1994.

Euben, Roxanne L. “Premodern, Antimodern or Postmodern? Islamic and Western critiques of modernity.”Review of Politics 59 (1997): 429-460.

Harrington, Christine B.  “Outlining a Theory of Legal Practice,” in Lawyers in a Postmodern World: Translation and Transgression, Maureen Cain and Christine B. Harrington, ed.  New York: NYU Press, 1994.

James, Paul. 2005. “Theory and Society in the Shadow of Terror”. Alternatives: Global, Local, Political. 30, no. 3: 365-388.

Kearney, Richard. 1992. “Postmodernity and Nationalism: A European Perspective”.MFS Modern Fiction Studies. 38, no. 3: 581-593.

Wolin, Richard. The Seduction of Unreason: The Intellectual Romance with Fascism from Nietzsche to Postmodernism. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2004.

———, ed. The Heidegger Controversy: A Critical reader. Boston: MIT Press, 1992.

 

Pragmatism

Brint, Michael. Pragmatism in Law and Society. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1991.

 

Race

Allen, Danielle S. Talking to Strangers: Anxieties of Citizenship Since Brown v. Board of Education. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006.

Bayoumi, Moustafa. 2007. “Racing Religion”. CR: The New Centennial Review. 6, no. 2: 267-293.

Farnia, Nina. 2011. “Law’s Inhumanities: Peripheral Racialization and the Early Development of an Iranian Race”. Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East. 31, no. 2: 455-473.

Gould, Carol C. “Racism and Democracy Reconsidered.” Social Identities 6, no. 4 (2000): 425-439.

Gorman, Daniel. 2002. “Wider and Wider Still?: Racial Politics, Intra-Imperial Immigration and the Absence of an Imperial Citizenship in the British Empire”. Journal of Colonialism and Colonial History. 3, no. 3.

Jun, Helen H. 2007. “Black Orientalism: Nineteenth-Century Narratives of Race and U.S. Citizenship”. American Quarterly. 58, no. 4: 1047-1066.

Katznelson, Ira. Black Men, White Cities; Race, Politics, and Migration in the United States, 1900-30 and Britain, 1948-68. London: Published for the Institute of Race Relations by Oxford University Press, 1973.

———. Fear Itself: The New Deal and the Origins of Our Time. 2013.

———. When Affirmative Action was White: An Untold History of Racial Inequality in Twentieth-century America. New York: WW Norton & Company, 2005.

Katznelson, Ira, and Margaret Weir. Schooling for All: Class, Race, and the Decline of the Democratic Ideal. New York: Basic Books, 1985.

Krauss, Deborah J. “Regulating Women’s Bodies: The Adverse Effect of Fetal Rights Theory on Childbirth Decisions and Women of Color.” Harv. CR-CLL Rev. 26 (1991): 523.

Mallampalli, Chandra. Race, Religion, and Law in Colonial India: Trials of an Interracial Family. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011.

Norton, Anne. Alternative Americas: A Reading of Antebellum Political Culture. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1986.

Spinner-Halev, Jeff. The Boundaries of Citizenship: Race, Ethnicity, and Nationality in the Liberal State. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995.

Young, Iris Marion. Justice and the Politics of Difference (New in Paper). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2011.

 

Realism

Brigham, John, and Christine B. Harrington. “Realism and its Consequences.” International Journal of the Sociology of Law 17, no. 1 (1989): 41-62.

 

Roman empire

Alföldy, Géza. The Social History of Rome. Baltimore, Md: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988.

Bradley, K. R. Slavery and Society at Rome. Cambridge [England]: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Clarke, John R. Art in the Lives of Ordinary Romans: Visual Representation and Non-Elite Viewers in Italy, 100 B.C.-A.D. 315. Berkeley [etc.]: University of California Press, 2003.

Dench, Emma. From Barbarians to New Men: Greek, Roman, and Modern Perceptions of Peoples of the Central Apennines. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1995.

———. Romulus’ Asylum: Roman Identities from the Age of Alexander to the Age of Hadrian. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.

Gardner, Jane F. Women in Roman Law & Society. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1986.

Garnsey, Peter. Social Status and Legal Privilege in the Roman Empire. Oxford: Clarendon, 1970.

Gruen, Erich S. Culture and National Identity in Republican Rome. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1992.

———. The Hellenistic World and the Coming of Rome. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1984.

Joshel, Sandra R. Work, Identity and the Legal Status at Rome: Study of the Occupational Inscriptions. Oklahoma, Okla: University of Oklahoma Press, 1992.

Lendon, J. E. Empire of Honour: The Art of Government in the Roman World. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1997.

Lintott, A. W. The Constitution of the Roman Republic. Oxford [England]: Clarendon Press, 1999.

MacMullen, Ramsay. Roman Social Relations, 50 B.C. to A.D. 284. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1974.

Momigliano, Arnaldo. Alien Wisdom: The Limits of Hellenization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975.

Mouritsen, Henrik. Plebs and Politics in the Late Roman Republic. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Nicolet, Claude. Space, Geography, and Politics in the Early Roman Empire. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1991.

———. The World of the Citizen in Republican Rome. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1980.

Rawson, Beryl, and P. R. C. Weaver. The Roman Family in Italy: Status, Sentiment, Space. Canberra: Humanities Research Centre, 1997.

Rostovtzeff, Michael Ivanovitch. The Social and Economic History of the Roman Empire. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1957.

Sherwin-White, A. N. The Roman Citizenship. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1973.

Whittaker, Charles Richard. Frontiers of the Roman Empire: A Social and Economic Study. Baltimore (Md.): Johns Hopkins university press, 1994.

Williams, Craig A. Roman Homosexuality: Ideologies of Masculinity in Classical Antiquity. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Wirszubski, Chaim. Libertas As a Political Idea at Rome During the Late Republic and Early Principate. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge at the University Press, 1968.

Wiseman, T. P. New Men in the Roman Senate, 139 B.C. – A.D. 14. London: Oxford University Press, 1971.

Woolf, Greg. Becoming Roman: The Origins of Provincial Civilization in Gaul. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

 

Secularism

An-Na’im Na, Abdullahi A. Islam and the Secular State: Negotiating the Future of Sharia. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2008.

———. “The Synergy and Interdependence of Human Rights, Religion and Secularism.” Inpolylog: Forum for Intercultural Philosophy, vol. 2. 2001.

Asad, Talal. Formations of the Secular: Christianity, Islam, Modernity. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2003

Beckford, James A. “Secularism and Coercive Freedoms.” The British Journal of Sociology 59, no. 1 (2008): 41-45.

Bilgrami, Akeel. “Secular Liberalism and Moral Psychology of Identity.” Economic and Political Weekly (1997): 2527-2540.

———. “Two Concepts of Secularism: Reason, Modernity and Archimedean Ideal.” Economic and Political Weekly (1994): 1749-1761.

Butler, Judith, Eduardo Mendieta, and Jonathan VanAntwerpen. The Power of Religion in the Public Sphere. New York: Columbia University Press, 2011.

Butler, Judith. “Sexual Politics, Torture, and Secular Time.” The British Journal of Sociology 59, no. 1 (2008): 1-23.

Casanova, José. Public Religions in the Modern World. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994.

Corey, David D. 2005. “Socratic Citizenship: Delphic Oracle and Divine Sign”. The Review of Politics. 67, no. 2: 201-228.

Engineer, Asghar Ali, and Uday Mehta. Essays in Contemporary Politics of Identity, Religion, and Secularism. Delhi: Ajanta Publications, 1999.

———. State Secularism and Religion: Western and Indian Experience. Delhi: Ajanta Publications, 1998.

Hashemi, Nader. Islam, Secularism, and Liberal Democracy: Toward a Democratic Theory for Muslim Societies. New York: Oxford University Press, USA, 2009.

Hirschl, Ran, and Ayelet Shachar. “The New Wall of Separation: Permitting Diversity, Restricting Competition.”Cardozo L. Rev. 30 (2008): 2535.

March, Andrew F. “Are Secularism and Neutrality Attractive to Religious Minorities-Islamic Discussions of Western Secularism in the Jurisprudence of Muslim Minorities (Fiqh Al-Aqualliyyat) Discourse.” Cardozo L. Rev.30 (2008): 2821.

———. “Theocrats Living under Secular Law: An External Engagement with Islamic Legal Theory*.”Journal of Political Philosophy 19, no. 1 (2010): 28-51.

Said, Edward W. Humanism and Democratic Criticism. New York: Columbia University Press, 2004.

 

Sikhism

Radhakrishna, Meena. 2007. “Urban Denotified Tribes: Competing Identities, Contested Citizenship”. Economic and Political Weekly. 42, no. 51: 59-64.

 

Supremacist

Daniels, Jessie. Cyber Racism: White Supremacy Online and the New Attack on Civil Rights. Lanham, Md: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2009.

Daniels, Jessie. White Lies: Race, Class, Gender and Sexuality in White Supremacist Discourse. New York & London: Routledge, 1997.

Dobratz, Betty A. 2001. “The Role of Religion in the Collective Identity of the White Racialist Movement”. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion. 40, no. 2: 287-302.

 

Taoism

Barrett, Timothy Hugh. Taoism Under the T’ang: Religion & Empire During the Golden Age of Chinese History. London: Wellsweep, 1996.

 

Tolerance and intolerance

Brown, Wendy. Regulating Aversion: Tolerance in the Age of Identity and Empire. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2008.

Habermas, Jürgen. “Intolerance and discrimination.” International Journal of Constitutional Law 1, no. 1 (2003): 2-12.

Heyd, David, ed. Toleration: an Elusive Virtue. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1996.

Hirschl, Ran, and Ayelet Shachar. “The New Wall of Separation: Permitting Diversity, Restricting Competition.”Cardozo L. Rev. 30 (2008): 2535.

Minow, Martha. “On Neutrality, Equality, & Tolerance: New Norms for a Decade of Distinction.” Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning 22, no. 1 (1990): 17-25.

———. “Putting Up and Putting Down: Tolerance Reconsidered.” Osgoode Hall LJ 28 (1990): 409.

———. “Tolerance in an Age of Terror.” S. Cal. Interdisc. Lj 16 (2006): 453.

Nussbaum, Martha C. The New Religious Intolerance: Overcoming the Politics of Fear in an Anxious Age.Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press/Harvard University Press, 2012.

Scott, Joan Wallach. “The Campaign Against Political Correctness: What’s Really at Stake.” Radical History Review 1992, no. 54 (1992): 59-79.

Walzer, Michael. On Toleration. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1997.

 

Totalitarianism

Katznelson, Ira. Desolation and Enlightenment Political Knowledge After Total War, Totalitarianism, and the Holocaust. New York: Columbia University Press, 2003.

 

Tribalism

Antonio, Robert J. 2000. “After Postmodernism: Reactionary Tribalism”. The American Journal of Sociology. 106, no. 1: 40.

Carroll, Katherine Blue. 2011. “Tribal Law and Reconciliation in the New Iraq.” The Middle East Journal 65, no. 1: 11-29.

James, Paul. 2005. “Theory and Society in the Shadow of Terror”. Alternatives: Global, Local, Political. 30, no. 3: 365-388.